Essential Information About Transistors
A semiconducting material is used in the making of a solid state device called a transistor that is often used in the amplification or control of electric current. Transistors are packaged together to form an integrated circuit.Transistors are used in various applications, and that is why they have turned out to be the most commonly used components in the word of electronics.
In the past, transistors were first placed in offices telephone switches. Most consumers interacted with transistors in 1952 when they were used in making hearing aids. Currently, you will not only find transistors in televisions, tape recorders, radios, burglar and fire alarms, but you will also find them in video games, handheld calculators and in all the different kinds of controls from speed controls that are found in motors and drills to light dimmers.
Transistors were invented in 1948, and this was after years of research that was necessitated by the blossoming growth in science and technology. The world of electronics would be revolutionized after the discovery of transistors. This has so far been true. Scientists have put more of their efforts into doing more research into surface science, crystal growth, solid state diffusion and other areas that are related to the study of transistors.
The invention of the point-contact transistor was discovered by John Bardeen and Walter H. Brattain who worked for the Bell telephone laboratories. The two technicians discovered the junction transistor, but this time, they were assisted by William Shockley who also worked at Bell Telephone Laboratories. In 1956; they were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their commendable job.
Due to the high demand for new electronic components, there was a need to create new technologies to suit the different disciplines and techniques. In this regard, some of the transistors that were built include the grown-junction germanium, the point-contact germanium, the alloy-silicon based and the surface germanium, as well as the field effect transistors, also referred to as the FET, and the junction field effect transistor abbreviated as JFET.
The process by which individual components of transistors are brought together during the creation process is known as the planar process. Some of the components added during this procedure include the FET and Silicon MOS. In addition to that, there are numerous types of transistors one of them being the thyristor transistor, which is referred to as the Silicon Controlled Rectifier (SCR) and the second type is known as the triacs which dominates the high current and control industry.
So, if you are looking for a transistor, you can search online for the best semiconductor manufacturing companies who can create the kind of transistor you are looking for-be it NPN, PNP, Super Beta or Log Conformance. The bottom line is to check their industrial experience and how reputable they are in delivering quality transistors that suit the customers’ needs and requirements.